ELECTROMOBILITY: A HOLISTIC SYSTEM.
The system of Electromobility.
The National Platform for Electromobility (NPE), an expert committee founded in 2010, includes representatives from politics, industry, science and society, and advises the Federal Government on the implementation of technology. On its website1, the NPE describes Electromobility as a "widely accepted system [...] which reliably meets individual mobility needs."
Following on from this, the big question is how should this ambitious project be put into practice? In 2016, the NPE published a "Roadmap for Electromobility", which summarizes the development so far and provides policy and industry decision-makers with recommendations for the implementation of future goals.
With the aim of becoming the lead market and lead provider for Electromobility, Germany has set itself a list of targets:
- Purchasing incentives such as environmental bonuses and a ten-year exemption from car tax are to increase the demand for electric vehicles - with the goal of one million electric cars on German roads by 2020.
- Further development of the E-infrastructure - In 2017, the Federal Ministry of Transport authorized 300 million Euros to expand the charging network.
- Investments in research and development in the fields of vehicle technology, battery and infrastructure are intended to ensure independence fom imports - the goal is to transfer battery production completely to Germany.
- Creation of legal framework for technological change. The first step in this was the Electromobility law of 2015.
Once an independent market is created, the focus is on the development of sustainable business models and the integration of other renewable energies - not just solar power, wind and hydropower.
Lead provider yes, lead market not yet.
Although Germany is still far from its self-imposed goals, the evolution is largely on schedule. No longer afraid to compare itself with electric heavyweights such as the USA and Japan, German manufacturers provide more than 30 electric models found on the market1. German electricity is also a technology leader. For example, thanks to an advanced battery concept, the Ampera-e has a reach of 380 km (WLTP cycle) everyday, according to the New European Driving Circle it’s even 520 kilometer2.
Although progress is good, the establishment of a lead market isn’t quite there, as since 2009 only 95,000 E-cars3 have been approved. There is a small glimmer of light however as in recent months significantly more electric cars have been sold4 as a result of the environmental bonuses sponsored by the federal government and manufacturers.
Riesenchance für Deutschland.
Bis Elektroantrieb in Deutschland Standard ist, müssen noch einige Hindernisse aus dem Weg geräumt werden. Aber die Zukunft gehört trotzdem den Elektroautos – und das ist gut so. Denn: Elektromobilität birgt riesiges Potenzial. „Für Deutschland bedeutet Elektromobilität die Chance und Herausforderung, seine Spitzenposition als Industrie-, Wissenschafts- und Technologiestandort zu sichern und auszubauen“, heißt es im „Wegweiser Elektromobilität“ der NPE.
1Stand Mai 2017, Quelle: Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität http://nationale-plattform-elektromobilitaet.de/themen/fahrzeug/
2Quelle: Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität http://nationale-plattform-elektromobilitaet.de/hintergrund/die-vision-2020/
3Stand Mai 2017, Quelle: Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität http://nationale-plattform-elektromobilitaet.de/themen/fahrzeug/#tabs
4Im Mai verzeichneten Elektroautos bei den Neuzulassungen Quelle: 1.520 Neuzulassungen von Elektroautos im Mai 2017 in Deutschland https://www.mein-elektroauto.com/tag/elektroauto-neuzulassungen-2017/